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3D modelling of the Columbia River plume dynamics

The Columbia River (CR) is the main river of the western coast of North America. The CR mouth is located between Oregon and Washington states. The CR is a mesotidal river and its estuary alternates between a moderately and a strongly stratified system. The bathymetry is characterised by two major channels merging close to the mouth in a shallow estuary.

Columbia setup

The horizontal mesh covers the CR estuary, part of the river, and the adjoining coastal ocean. The resolution is increased in the estuary and near the coastlines. The vertical discretization is a combination of sigma and z layers, with terrain-following sigma coordinates in shallower areas and staircase-like z coordinates in deeper areas.

Columbia mesh

Water outflowing from the CR mouth spreads into the Pacific ocean, forming a river plume. Strong winds can create major changes in the development of the plume as reversals in wind lead to rapid changes in the plume orientation. SLIM 3D is able to reproduce the strong wind-induced variability of the CR plume during late Spring of 2006.

Columbia plume

External collaborators

Prof. Antonio Baptista (Oregon Health and Science University) and Dr Tuomas Karna (Finnish Meteorological Institute).

To learn more…

Vallaeys, V., Kärnä, T., Delandmeter, P., Lambrechts, J., Baptista, A. M., Deleersnijder, E., & Hanert, E. (2018). Discontinuous Galerkin modeling of the Columbia River’s coupled estuary-plume dynamics. Ocean Modelling, 124, 111–124.